ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Volume 18 Issue 1
Feb.  2021
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Please cite this article as: TANG HW, CHEN K, HOU JF, HUANG XH, LIU S, MA HP, HU SS. Outcomes of cardiac surgery in senior aged patients with ventricular dysfunction: analysis of a large national database. J Geriatr Cardiol 2021; 18(1): 1−9. DOI: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.01.006
Citation: Please cite this article as: TANG HW, CHEN K, HOU JF, HUANG XH, LIU S, MA HP, HU SS. Outcomes of cardiac surgery in senior aged patients with ventricular dysfunction: analysis of a large national database. J Geriatr Cardiol 2021; 18(1): 1−9. DOI: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.01.006

Outcomes of cardiac surgery in senior aged patients with ventricular dysfunction: analysis of a large national database

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.01.006
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  •  OBJECTIVE In patients undergoing cardiac surgery, reduced preoperative ejection fraction (EF) and senior age are associated with a worse outcome. As most outcome data available for these patients are mainly from Western surgical populations involving specific surgery types, our aim is to evaluate the real-world characteristics and perioperative outcomes of surgery in senior-aged heart failure patients with reduced EF across a broad range cardiac surgeries. METHODS Data were obtained from the China Heart Failure Surgery Registry (China-HFSR) database, a nationwide multicenter registry study in mainland China. Multiple variable regression analysis was performed in patients over 75 years old to identify risk factors associated with mortality.  RESULTS From 2012 to 2017, 578 senior-aged (> 75 years) patients were enrolled in China HFSR, 21.1% of whom were female. Isolated coronary bypass grafting (CABG) were performed in 71.6% of patients, 10.1% of patients underwent isolated valve surgery and 8.7% received CABG combined with valve surgery. In-hospital mortality was 10.6%, and the major complication rate was 17.3%. Multivariate analysis identified diabetes mellitus (odds ratio (OR) = 1.985), increased creatinine (OR = 1.007), New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III (OR = 1.408), NYHA class IV (OR = 1.955), cardiogenic shock (OR, 6.271), and preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump insertion (OR = 3.426) as independent predictors of in-hospital mortality.  CONCLUSIONS In senior-aged patients, preoperative evaluation should be carefully performed, and strict management of reversible factors needs more attention. Senior-aged patients commonly have a more severe disease status combined with more frequent comorbidities, which may lead to a high risk in mortality.
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