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中国人民解放军总医院
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中国人民解放军总医院老年心血管病研究所
中国科技出版传媒股份有限公司
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中华老年多器官疾病杂志编辑委员会
100853, 北京市复兴路28号
电话:010-66936756
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E-mail: zhlndqg@mode301.cn
创刊人 王士雯
总编辑 范利
副总编辑 陈韵岱
执行主编 叶大训
编辑部主任 王雪萍
ISSN 1671-5403
CN 11-4786
创刊时间 2002年
出版周期 月刊
邮发代号 82-408
友情链接
符琳琳,王青,吕卫华,吴薇,乔静,王丽军.老年住院患者衰弱与估算肾小球滤过率降低对再住院风险的影响[J].中华老年多器官疾病杂志,2018,17(5):334~338
老年住院患者衰弱与估算肾小球滤过率降低对再住院风险的影响
Effects of frailty and decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate on re-hospitalization in elderly inpatients
  
DOI:10.11915/j.issn.1671-5403.2018.05.074
中文关键词:  老年人;住院患者;衰弱;肾小球滤过率;再住院
英文关键词:aged; inpatients; frailty; glomerular filtration rate; re-hospitalization
基金项目:首都卫生发展科研专项(2016-2-7021)
作者单位E-mail
符琳琳 首都医科大学附属复兴医院综合科,北京 100038  
王青 首都医科大学附属复兴医院综合科,北京 100038 fxyywang@sina.com 
吕卫华 首都医科大学附属复兴医院综合科,北京 100038  
吴薇 首都医科大学附属复兴医院综合科,北京 100038  
乔静 首都医科大学附属复兴医院综合科,北京 100038  
王丽军 首都医科大学附属复兴医院综合科,北京 100038  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨老年住院患者衰弱与估算肾小球滤过率(eGFR)降低对再住院风险的影响。方法 选取2015年7月至2016年12月期间在首都医科大学附属复兴医院综合科收治的年龄≥65岁的老年住院患者274例,采用衰弱表型(FP)评估衰弱情况,并据此将患者分为衰弱组、衰弱前期组和非衰弱组。收集患者一般临床资料、疾病史、共病数量、临床用药情况及生化检查,通过血肌酐(SCr)获得eGFR,根据eGFR水平将患者分为eGFR>60 ml/(min·1.73 m2)和eGFR≤60 ml/(min·1.73 m2)2组,对所有患者进行1年再住院情况随访。采用SPSS 18.0统计软件进行分析。根据数据类型,采用方差分析法或χ2检验比较组间差异,采用Cox回归分析衰弱与eGFR下降对再入院风险的影响。结果 274例患者中有非衰弱76例(27.7%)、衰弱前期114例(41.6%)、衰弱84例(30.6%);与非衰弱组比较,衰弱前期及衰弱组患者eGFR水平偏低(P=0.018),年龄偏大、高血压、慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)及eGFR≤60 ml/(min·1.73 m2)的比例增高(P<0.05),衰弱组共病数量(≥4)及服药品种数量(>5)最多。校正年龄、性别及共病数量后,与eGFR>60 ml/(min·1.73 m2)且无衰弱患者相比,同时存在衰弱和eGFR≤60 ml/(min·1.73 m2)的患者再住院风险增加(HR=2.40,5%CI 1.39~4.16)。结论 衰弱的老年住院患者eGFR水平偏低,eGFR降低伴有衰弱患者再住院率明显增加。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the effects of frailty and decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on re-hospitalization in the elderly inpatients. Methods A total of 274 elderly inpatients (aged ≥65 years) admitted in our department from July 2015 to December 2016 were prospectively recruited in this study. Their status of frailty was evaluated with frailty phenotype (FP), and then they were assigned into the frail group, pre-frail group and non-frail group. Their general information and clinical data, medical history, comorbidity number, medication number and laboratory examination results were collected, and eGFR was calculated based on serum creatinine (SCr) level. The patients were also divided into eGFR >60 ml/(min·1.73 m2) group and ≤60 ml/(min·1.73 m2) group. All the patients were followed up for 1 year, and the endpoint event was re-hospitalization. SPSS statistics 18.0 was used to perform the statistical analysis. Analysis of variance or Chi-square test was employed for comparison on different data types. Cox regression analysis was adopted for the effects of frailty and decreased eGFR on re-hospitalization. ResultsOf the 274 patients, there were 76(27.7%) patients assigned into non-frail group, 114(41.6%) into pre-frail group, and 84(30.6%) into frail group. Compared with the non-frail group, the eGFR level was significantly lower (P=0.018), while the proportions of older age, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and eGFR ≤60 ml/(min·1.73 m2) were obviously higher in the pre-frail and frail groups (P<0.05). What′s more, the frail group had largest numbers of comorbidities and of medications. After adjustment for age, sex and comorbidities, the patients with eGFR ≤60 ml/(min·1.73 m2) and frailty at the same time had an increased risk for re-hospitalization compared with those with eGFR >60 ml/(min·1.73 m2) and non-frailty (HR=2.40, 95%CI 1.39-4.16). Conclusion The frail elderly inpatients commonly have lower eGFR level, and those with decreased eGFR are prone to re-hospitalization.
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