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中国人民解放军总医院老年心血管病研究所
中国科技出版传媒股份有限公司
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中华老年多器官疾病杂志编辑委员会
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E-mail: zhlndqg@mode301.cn
创刊人 王士雯
总编辑 范利
副总编辑 陈韵岱
执行主编 叶大训
编辑部主任 王雪萍
ISSN 1671-5403
CN 11-4786
创刊时间 2002年
出版周期 月刊
邮发代号 82-408
友情链接
杨德洪,吴雪萍,闻一鸣,孟杰.坐位低频全身振动训练对老年下肢残疾者肌肉力量及行走能力的影响[J].中华老年多器官疾病杂志,2018,17(5):339~342
坐位低频全身振动训练对老年下肢残疾者肌肉力量及行走能力的影响
Effect of low-frequency whole-body vibration training at sitting position on muscle strength and walking ability in the elderly with lower limb disability
投稿时间:2018-01-26  修订日期:2018-03-01
DOI:10.11915/j.issn.1671-5403.2018.05.075
中文关键词:  老年人;残疾人;肌肉;行走;振动训练
英文关键词:aged; disabled persons; muscles; walk; vibration training
基金项目:上海市科学技术委员会科研计划项目(14490503600);上海市人类运动能力开发与保障重点实验室(上海体育学院)项目(11DZ2261100)
作者单位E-mail
杨德洪 上海体育学院体育教育训练学院,上海 200438  
吴雪萍 上海体育学院体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 wuxueping@sus.edu.cn 
闻一鸣 上海体育学院体育教育训练学院,上海 200438  
孟杰 上海体育学院体育教育训练学院,上海 200438  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨坐位低频全身振动训练(WBVT)对老年下肢残疾者肌肉力量及行走能力的影响。方法 募集上海市杨浦区殷行街道自愿报名的老年下肢残疾者20例(因外伤致残,残疾等级为42~44),其中男性9例,女性11例,年龄(66.6±4.8)岁,所有受试者接受每周3 d共计8周的WBVT,比较训练前后受试者膝关节屈、伸肌肌力、6分钟步行测试(6 MWT)、10米行走测试(10 MWT)和计时起立-行走(TUG)测试结果。应用SPSS 22.0统计软件对数据进行分析,训练前后比较采用配对t检验。结果 所有受试者皆顺利完成振动训练及测量,无缺失及不适、不安全情况发生。受试者WBVT训练后相比训练前膝关节屈肌肌力[(39.36±16.09) vs(37.37±16.12)Nm]、伸肌肌力[(58.18±21.31) vs(56.49±21.69)Nm]增高,TUG[(7.73±2.17) vs(9.70±2.22)s]和10 MWT[(7.51±2.26) vs(7.86±2.30)s]水平降低,6 MWT[(438.74±125.10) vs(401.99±114.08)m]水平升高,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 8周坐位低频WBVT可明显提高老年下肢残疾者膝关节屈、伸肌肌力,显著改善行走平衡能力和提高速度。
英文摘要:
      Objective To determine the effect of low-frequency whole-body vibration training (WBVT) at sitting position on muscle strength and walking ability of the elderly patients with lower limb disability. Methods Twenty elderly patients with lower limb disability (due to accidents, at a disable class of 42-44) who were volunteered to our study were recruited. They were 9 males and 11 females, at an age of (66.6±4.8)years. They all received WBVT at sitting position for 3 d per week, totally 8 weeks. Flexion and extensor strengths of the knee joint, 6-min walking test (6 MWT), 10-meter walking test (10 MWT) and timed up and go (TUG) test were measured before and after the training, and the results were compared. SPSS statistics 22.0 was used to perform the statistical analysis. Paired t test was employed for the comparison of the data before and after training. Results All the subjects successfully completed the training and measurement, and no loss, discomfortableness, or unsafe conditions occurred. After the training, knee flexion [(39.36±16.09) vs (37.37±16.12) Nm] and extension muscles strengths [(58.18±21.31) vs (56.49±21.69) Nm] were increased, while the results of TUG [(7.73±2.17) vs (9.70±2.22) s] and 10 MWT [(7.51±2.26) vs (7.86±2.30) s] were decreased, and that of 6 MWT [(438.74±125.10) vs (401.99±114.08) m] was elevated, with significant differences in all these data (P<0.05). Conclusion WBVT at sitting position for 8 weeks can obviously promote the flexion and extension muscles strengths of the knee joint, and improve the balance and speed of walking in the elderly with lower limb disability.
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