ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R

2021 Vol. 18, No. 2

EDITORIAL
Left main bifurcation stenting: the impact of strut thickness on long-term outcomes
Gianluca Rigatelli, Marco Zuin
2021, 18(2): 91-93. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.008
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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of patients receiving contemporary intensive cardiac care: retrospective study from a large centre in China
Fei CHEN, Yi-Ming LI, Qi LIU, Bao-Tao HUANG, Fang-Yang HUANG, Yong PENG, Mao CHEN
2021, 18(2): 94-103. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.005
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 BACKGROUND Few studies from developed countries have quantitatively characterized the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients receiving contemporary intensive cardiac care. We sought to investigate these data in patients admitted to a Chinese intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU). METHODS We conducted a retrospective study using data from 2,337 consecutive admissions to the ICCU at a large centre in China from June 2016 to May 2017. Data were captured after systematic inspection of individual medical records regarding current demographics, primary diagnosis, comorbidities, illnesses severity, and in-hospital outcomes. RESULTS The mean age was 65.6 ± 14.2 years, and females accounted for 32.0% of patients. The Charlson Comorbidity Index and Oxford Acute Severity of Illness Score were 2.4 ± 1.8 and 22.5 ± 10.4, respectively. The top reason for admission was ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (32.0%), and nonischaemic heart diseases accounted for 31.2% of all primary diagnoses. Noncardiovascular diseases were prevalent in the ICCU population, including chronic illnesses and acute noncardiovascular critical illnesses (ANCIs); in particular, 21.7% of patients were marked by acute respiratory failure (14.6%), acute kidney injury (13.7%), sepsis (4.2%), or gastrointestinal bleeding (3.3%). The median length of stay in the ICCU and hospital were 1.1 days [interquartile range (IQR): 0.8–2.6 days] and 6.3 days (IQR: 3.8−10.9 days), respectively. The overall incidence of in-hospital death or discharge against medical advice under extremely critical conditions was 7.6% (n = 177). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the complexity of chronic illnesses and incident ANCIs were strong independent determinants for in-hospital outcomes. CONCLUSIONS Remarkable patient diversity and breadth of critical illnesses were observed in a Chinese ICCU population. Particularly, noncardiovascular diseases were prevalent and associated with adverse outcomes. Reformation of organization and staffing practices may be considered to adapt to the changed landscape.
Etiology spectrum and clinical characteristics of renal artery stenosis in a Chinese cohort
Xu MENG, Yi ZHOU, Xiong-Jing JIANG, Jun CAI, Hui-Min ZHANG, Hai-Ying WU, Wen-Jun MA, Ying LOU, Ya-Xin LIU, Xian-Liang ZHOU
2021, 18(2): 104-113. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.001
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 OBJECTIVE To analyze the causes of renal artery stenosis (RAS) and compare the clinical characteristics in accordance with the primary disease among patients aged from 30 to 50. METHODS Patients were grouped by etiologies of RAS. Groups were retrospectively examined and compared regarding demographic data, clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and imaging findings. RESULTS A total of 152 patients (74 females, 78 males; mean age: 40.70 ± 6.01 years) were enrolled, including 84 patients (55.3%) with atherosclerosis (AS), 46 patients (30.3%) with Takayasu arteritis (TA), 18 patients (11.8%) with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), and four patients (2.6%) with other etiologies. Patients in AS group had greater body mass index, higher prevalence of comorbidities and higher rate of smoking and drinking history. TA patients showed more constitutional symptoms and vascular findings, and higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate. RAS in both AS group and TA group mainly located on ostia and proximal segments, but RAS in FMD group mainly involved middle to distal segment of renal artery. The AS group had significantly lesser stenosis than the other groups. Although renal function evaluated by the estimated glomerular filtration rate did not significantly differ among the groups, the incidence of kidney shrinkage was significantly higher in the TA and FMD groups (39.1% and 50%, respectively) than in the AS group (8.3%). The FMD group had milder cardiac damage than other groups. CONCLUSIONS AS was the most common cause of RAS in patients aged from 30 to 50, followed by TA and FMD. The etiology of RAS should be carefully distinguished based on clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and imaging to ensure that proper treatment is provided.
Gender differences, outcomes and trends among nonagenarian with atrial fibrillation: insight from National Inpatient Sample database
Dinesh Voruganti, Ghanshyam Shantha, Sushma Dugyala, Alexander Bolton, Ala Mohsen, Subodh Devabhaktuni, Hakan Paydak, Jawahar L Mehta
2021, 18(2): 114-122. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.007
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 BACKGROUND Nonagenarians (NG), individuals aged ≥ 90 years, constitute an increasing proportion of hospitalizations presenting with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, not much is known about demographics, clinical outcomes, and trends of hospitalizations. Therefore, we analyzed data about hospitalizations and clinical outcomes among NGs with AF over ten years from 2005 to 2014 using a publically available database, the National Inpatient Sample. METHODS All hospitalizations and major outcomes of subjects ≥ 90 years with a primary diagnosis of AF (ICD-9-CM code 427.31) over a ten-year period were assessed in this study by multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS There were more females than males (176,268 females, 51,384 males) in this analysis. The number of hospitalizations for AF among NG increased by 50% (17,295 in 2005 to 25,830 in 2014). Males were more likely to undergo cardioversion (6.14% of males vs. 5.06% of females, P < 0.0001). Over this period, in-hospital mortality declined from 3.21% in 2005 to 2.38% in 2014 (P = 0.0041), with higher in-hospital mortality in males (3.23% in males vs. 2.76% in females, P = 0.0138), mean length of hospitalization decreased from 4.53 days to 4.13 days (P < 0.0001), the prevalence of congestive heart failure fell from 0.48% to 0.23% (P = 0.0257), and the use of anticoagulation increased from 6.09% to 14.54% (P < 0.0001). In a multivariate analysis, hospital admission on the weekend, Elixhauser comorbidity index, CHA2DS2VASc score, acute respiratory failure, and the length of hospital stay were associated with a higher risk of in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS From 2005 to 2014, AF-related hospitalizations among NGs increased, more so in in females population, mortality trends improved, rates of anticoagulation increased, and cardioversions increased. Despite the decreasing trend of in-hospital mortality since 2005, the relatively high mortality rate in males warrants further studies.
Incidence, predictors, and prognosis of thrombocytopenia among patients undergoing intra-aortic balloon pumping in the intensive care unit: a propensity score analysis
Wei TONG, Jun-Mei WANG, Jia-Yue LI, Pei-Yao LI, Yun-Dai CHEN, Zheng-Bo ZHANG, Wei DONG
2021, 18(2): 123-134. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.003
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 OBJECTIVE To explore the incidence, predictors, and prognosis of intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP)-related thrombocytopenia in critically ill patients. METHODS This multi-center study used the eICU Collaborative Research Database V1.2, comprising data on > 130,000 patients from multiple intensive care units (ICUs) in America between 2014 and 2015. A total of 710 patients undergoing IABP were included. Thrombocytopenia was defined as a drop in platelet count > 50% from baseline. From the cohort, 167 patients who developed thrombocytopenia were matched 1:1 with 167 patients who did not, after propensity score (PS) matching. The associations between IABP-related thrombocytopenia and clinical outcomes were examined by multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS Among 710 patients undergoing IABP, 249 patients (35.07%) developed thrombocytopenia. The APACHE IVa score was a predictor of thrombocytopenia [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02−1.15]. After 1:1 PS matching, in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.37−1.56) and in-ICU mortality (adjusted OR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.34−1.63) were similar between the thrombocytopenia and non-thrombocytopenia groups. However, major bleeding occurred more frequently in the thrombocytopenia group (adjusted OR = 2.54, 95% CI: 1.54−4.17). In-hospital length of stay (LOS) and in-ICU LOS were significantly longer in patients who developed thrombocytopenia than in those who did not (9.71 vs. 7.36, P < 0.001; 5.13 vs. 2.83, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Among patients undergoing IABP in the ICUs, thrombocytopenia was not associated with a difference in in-hospital mortality or in-ICU mortality; however, thrombocytopenia was significantly associated with a greater risk of major bleeding and increased in-ICU and in-hospital LOS.
PERSPECTIVE
The influence of arterial stiffness in heart failure: a clinical review
Mauro Feola
2021, 18(2): 135-140. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.004
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Identification and management of severe multiple radiation-induced heart disease: case reports from locally advanced esophageal cancer patient
Yi-Xun GU, Xi-Zhi ZHANG, Jun LI, Yong CHEN
2021, 18(2): 141-145. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.010
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Optical coherence tomography-guided excimer laser coronary angioplasty in overlapping stents with severe under-expansion and underlying calcification
Guang-Yao ZHAI, Xun-Xun FENG, Jian-Long WANG, Yu-Yang LIU, Qian-Yun GUO, Yu-Jie ZHOU
2021, 18(2): 146-149. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.006
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The balloon occlusion and thrombus aspiration catheter mediated-distal coronary perfusion technique (BI-RESCUE) for treatment of coronary artery perforation
Yong-Tai GONG, Song ZHANG, Ding-Yu WANG, Dang-Hui SUN, Li SHENG, Yue LI
2021, 18(2): 150-154. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.002
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Typical atrial flutter from blunt cardiac injury: an atypical cause
Naji Maaliki, Fadi Kandah, Aleem Azal Ali, James Farah, Temitope Akinjogbin, Francesco Franchi
2021, 18(2): 155-157. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2021.02.009
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