ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Chun-Xiao WAN, Yun-Feng LAN, Hui JIANG, Jie HUANG, Rui-Sheng LI, Sheng BI, Jian-An LI. Hypoxia training attenuates left ventricular remodeling in rabbit with myocardial infarction. J Geriatr Cardiol 2014; 11(3): 237-244. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2014.03.002
Citation: Chun-Xiao WAN, Yun-Feng LAN, Hui JIANG, Jie HUANG, Rui-Sheng LI, Sheng BI, Jian-An LI. Hypoxia training attenuates left ventricular remodeling in rabbit with myocardial infarction. J Geriatr Cardiol 2014; 11(3): 237-244. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2014.03.002

Hypoxia training attenuates left ventricular remodeling in rabbit with myocardial infarction

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2014.03.002
Funds:

This work was supported in part by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2013M532196).

  • Received Date: 2014-03-20
  • Publish Date: 2014-07-04
  • Objective Previous studies showed that hypoxia preconditioning could protect cardiac function against subsequent myocardial infarction injury. However, the effect of hypoxia on left ventricular after myocardial infarction is still unclear. This study therefore aims to investigate the effects of hypoxia training on left ventricular remodeling in rabbits post myocardial infarction. Methods Adult male rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: group SO (sham operated), group MI (myocardial infarction only) and group MI-HT (myocardial infarction plus hypoxia training). Myocardial infarction was induced by left ventricular branch ligation. Hypoxia training was performed in a hypobaric chamber (having equivalent condition at an altitude of 4000 m, FiO214.9%) for 1 h/day, 5 days/week for four weeks. At the endpoints, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the plasma was measured. Infarct size and capillary density were detected by histology. Left ventricular remodeling and function were assessed by echocardiography. Results After the 4-week experiment, compared with the group SO, plasma VEGF levels in groups MI (130.27 ± 18.58 pg/mL, P P 2) was significantly increased. For both groups MI and MI-HT, left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions were increased whereas left ventricular ejection fraction was decreased. However, compared with group MI, group MI-HT diminished left ventricular end-diastolic (15.86 ± 1.09 mm, P P P Conclusion Hypoxia training may improve left ventricular function and reduce remodeling via angiogenesis in rabbits with MI.
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