ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Zsuzsanna Szelenyi, Adam Fazakas, Gabor Szenasi, Melinda Kiss, Narcis Tegze, Bertalan Csaba Fekete, Eszter Nagy, Imre Bodo, Balint Nagy, Attila Molvarec, Attila Patocs, Lilla Pepo, Zoltan Prohaszka, Andras Vereckei. Inflammation and oxidative stress caused by nitric oxide synthase uncoupling might lead to left ventricular diastolic and systolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension. J Geriatr Cardiol 2015; 12(1): 1-10. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2015.01.001
Citation: Zsuzsanna Szelenyi, Adam Fazakas, Gabor Szenasi, Melinda Kiss, Narcis Tegze, Bertalan Csaba Fekete, Eszter Nagy, Imre Bodo, Balint Nagy, Attila Molvarec, Attila Patocs, Lilla Pepo, Zoltan Prohaszka, Andras Vereckei. Inflammation and oxidative stress caused by nitric oxide synthase uncoupling might lead to left ventricular diastolic and systolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension. J Geriatr Cardiol 2015; 12(1): 1-10. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2015.01.001

Inflammation and oxidative stress caused by nitric oxide synthase uncoupling might lead to left ventricular diastolic and systolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2015.01.001
Funds:

Vereckei A received the K 67971 grant from the Hungarian National Scientific Research Fund (OTKA).

  • Received Date: 2014-09-22
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-09-22
  • Publish Date: 2014-12-29
  • Objective To investigated the role of oxidative stress, inflammation, hypercoagulability and neuroendocrine activation in the transition of hypertensive heart disease to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). Methods We performed echocardiography for 112 patients (≥ 60 years old) with normal EF (18 controls and 94 with hypertension), and determined protein carbonylation (PC), and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor type-I (PAI-I), von Willebrand factor, chromogranin A (cGA) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels from their blood samples. Results We found that 40% (38/94) of the patients with hypertension (HT) had no diastolic dysfunction (HTDD-), and 60% (56/94) had diastolic dysfunction (HTDD+). Compared to the controls, both patient groups had increased PC and BH4, TNF-α, PAI-I and BNP levels, while the HTDD+ group had elevated cGA and CRP levels. Decreased atrial and longitudinal left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic myocardial deformation (strain and strain rate) was demonstrated in both patient groups versus the control. Patients whose LV diastolic function deteriorated during the follow-up had elevated PC and IL-6 level compared to their own baseline values, and to the respective values of patients whose LV diastolic function remained unchanged. Oxidative stress, inflammation, BNP and PAI-I levels inversely correlated with LV systolic, diastolic and atrial function. Conclusions In patients with HT and normal EF, the most common HFPEF precursor condition, oxidative stress and inflammation may be responsible for LV systolic, diastolic and atrial dysfunction, which are important determinants of the transition of HT to HFPEF.
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