ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Han ZHANG, Liu FENG, Qi-Lin WAN, Yan HONG, Yan-Ming LI. Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with depletion of circulating endothelial progenitor cells and elevation in pulmonary arterial pressure in patients with decompensated systolic heart failure. J Geriatr Cardiol 2015; 12(4): 424-430. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2015.04.015
Citation: Han ZHANG, Liu FENG, Qi-Lin WAN, Yan HONG, Yan-Ming LI. Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with depletion of circulating endothelial progenitor cells and elevation in pulmonary arterial pressure in patients with decompensated systolic heart failure. J Geriatr Cardiol 2015; 12(4): 424-430. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2015.04.015

Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with depletion of circulating endothelial progenitor cells and elevation in pulmonary arterial pressure in patients with decompensated systolic heart failure

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2015.04.015
  • Received Date: 2014-11-23
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-01-13
  • Publish Date: 2015-06-21
  • Background Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is known to occur frequently in and may predict worsening progression of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). SDB is also known to play an important role in the development of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hyperten?sion (PAH) via inducing endothelial dysfunction and vascular remodeling, a pathological process that can be significantly influenced by factors such as osteoprotegerin (OPG) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The objective of this study is to determine if CHF with SDB is associated with changes in OPG, EPCs, and PAH. Methods EPCs were isolated, cultured, and quantified from CHF patients with SDB (n = 52), or without SDB (n = 68). OPG and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) from each group was analyzed and correlated with EPCs and the mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) measured by right heart catheterization. Results A significant decrease in circulating EPCs (29.30 ± 9.01 vs. 45.17 ± 10.51 EPCs/× 200 field; P vs. 551.29 ± 42.12 pg/mL; P vs. 3028.60 ± 811.90 ng/mL; P vs. 36.4 ± 4.1 mm Hg; P P = 0.037) and blood level of OPG (r = –0.53, P = 0.011). Although NT-proBNP was also increased significantly in patients with SDB, it had no correlation with either EPCs or RDI. Conclusions SDB due to hypoxemia from decompensated CHF is associated with (1) OPG elevation, (2) EPC depletion, and (3) mPAP elevation. The inverse relationship of circulating OPG with EPCs suggests a likely mechanism for hypoxemia and OPG in the development of pulmonary vascular dysfunction via depleting EPCs, thus worsening prognosis of CHF.
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