ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R

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Ying BAI, Jun ZHU, Yan-Min YANG, Yan LIANG, Hui-Qiong TAN, Juan WANG, Bi HUANG, Han ZHANG, Xing-Hui SHAO. Clinical characteristics and one year outcomes in Chinese atrial fibrillation patients with stable coronary artery disease: a population-based study. J Geriatr Cardiol 2016; 13(8): 665-671. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2016.08.004
Citation: Ying BAI, Jun ZHU, Yan-Min YANG, Yan LIANG, Hui-Qiong TAN, Juan WANG, Bi HUANG, Han ZHANG, Xing-Hui SHAO. Clinical characteristics and one year outcomes in Chinese atrial fibrillation patients with stable coronary artery disease: a population-based study. J Geriatr Cardiol 2016; 13(8): 665-671. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2016.08.004

Clinical characteristics and one year outcomes in Chinese atrial fibrillation patients with stable coronary artery disease: a population-based study

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2016.08.004
  • Received Date: 2016-03-10
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-05-26
  • Publish Date: 2016-08-28
  • Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease (CAD) often coexist, however, the clinical characteristics and the impact of stable CAD on the outcomes in Chinese patients with AF has not been well understood. Methods Consecutive AF patients in 20 hospitals in China from November 2008 to October 2011 were enrolled. The primary endpoints included 1-year all-cause mortality, stroke, non-central nervous system (non-CNS) embolism, and major bleeding. Results A total of 1947 AF patients were analyzed, of whom 40.5% had stable CAD. The mean CHADS2 scores in CAD patients was significantly higher than that of non-CAD patients (2.4 ± 1.4 vs. 1.4 ± 1.2, P vs. 10.7%, P P = 0.017) and incidence of stroke (9.0% vs. 6.4%, P = 0.030), while the non-CNS embolism and major bleeding rates were comparable between the two groups. After multivariate adjustment, stable CAD was independently associated with increased risk of 1-year all-cause mortality (HR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.01?1 .80, P = 0.040), but not associated with stroke (HR = 1.07, 95% CI: 0.72–1.58, P = 0.736). Conclusions Stable CAD was prevalent in Chinese AF patients and was independently associated with increased risk of 1-year all-cause mortality. Chinese AF patients with stable CAD received inadequate antithrombotic therapy and this grim status of antithrombotic therapy needed to be improved urgently.
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