ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Ghanshyam PS Shantha, Amgad Mentias, Musab Alqasrawi, Abdul Qazi, Chakradhari Inampudi, Kongkiat Chaikriangkrai, Abhishek Deshmuk, Steven Bailin, Michael Giudici, Alexander Mazur. Trends in the rates of hospitalizations for acute stroke among patients over 90 years of age with atrial fibrillation in the United States: from 2005 to 2014. J Geriatr Cardiol 2017; 14(9): 547-552. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2017.09.002
Citation: Ghanshyam PS Shantha, Amgad Mentias, Musab Alqasrawi, Abdul Qazi, Chakradhari Inampudi, Kongkiat Chaikriangkrai, Abhishek Deshmuk, Steven Bailin, Michael Giudici, Alexander Mazur. Trends in the rates of hospitalizations for acute stroke among patients over 90 years of age with atrial fibrillation in the United States: from 2005 to 2014. J Geriatr Cardiol 2017; 14(9): 547-552. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2017.09.002

Trends in the rates of hospitalizations for acute stroke among patients over 90 years of age with atrial fibrillation in the United States: from 2005 to 2014

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2017.09.002
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  • Received Date: 2017-06-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-10-05
  • Publish Date: 2017-09-28
  • Background Acute stroke (AS) rates in patients over 90 years of age (very elderly) with atrial fibrillation (AF) in the United States (US) are not known. We assessed trends in hospitalizations for AS among very elderly with AF in the US from 2005 to 2014. Methods We used the nationwide inpatient sample (NIS) from the USA; 2005–2014. AF and AS diagnoses were abstracted using international classification of diseases, 9th Revision, clinical modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. Results From 2005–2014, 3,606,073 hospitalizations of very elderly with AF were reported. Of these, 188,948 hospitalizations (141,822 hospitalizations in women and 47,126 hospitalizations in men) had AS as the primary diagnosis. Age adjusted AS hospitalizations increased in the total cohort (3217/million in 2005 to 3871/million in 2014), in women (3540/million in 2005 to 4487/million in 2014) and in men (2490/million in 2005 to 3173/million in 2014) (P Conclusions There is an increasing trend in AS hospitalizations among nonagenarians with AF in the US despite improving utilization of anticoagulants in this patient population. The etiologies driving this alarming trend are unclear and require fur?ther study.
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