ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Vimalraj Bogana Shanmugam, Dennis T Wong, Hashrul Rashid, James D Cameron, Yuvaraj Malaiapan, Peter J Psaltis. Bleeding outcomes after non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention in the very elderly. J Geriatr Cardiol 2017; 14(10): 624-631. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2017.10.005
Citation: Vimalraj Bogana Shanmugam, Dennis T Wong, Hashrul Rashid, James D Cameron, Yuvaraj Malaiapan, Peter J Psaltis. Bleeding outcomes after non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention in the very elderly. J Geriatr Cardiol 2017; 14(10): 624-631. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2017.10.005

Bleeding outcomes after non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention in the very elderly

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2017.10.005
Funds:

Wong DT was supported by NHF (Australia) Post Doctoral Fellowship and the Robertson Family Research Cardiologist Fellowship.

  • Received Date: 2017-06-14
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-06-14
  • Publish Date: 2017-10-28
  • Background Octogenarians constitute an increasing proportion of patients presenting for non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods This study evaluated the in-hospital procedural characteristics and outcomes, including the bleeding events of 293 octogenarians presenting between January 2010 and December 2012 for non-emergency PCI to a single large volume tertiary care Australian center. Comparisons were made with 293 consecutive patients aged less than or equal to 60 years, whose lesions were matched with the octogenarians. Results Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction was the most frequent indication for non-emergency PCI in octogenarians. Compared to the younger cohort, they had a higher prevalence of co-morbidities and more complex coronary disease, comprising more type C and calcified lesions. Peri-procedural use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH; 1.0% vs. 5.8%; P vs. 9.6%; P vs. 67.6%; P vs. 5.8%; P = 0.12). There was no significant difference in access site or non-access site bleeding and major or minor bleeding between the two cohorts. Sub-analysis did not reveal any significant influence on bleeding rates by the use of LMWH, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors or femoral arterial access. In addition, there were no significant differences in the rates of in-hospital mortality, stroke or acute stent thrombosis between the two groups. Conclusions In this single center study, we did not observe significant increases in adverse in-hospital outcomes including the incidence of bleeding in octogenarians undergoing non-emergency PCI.
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