ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Pei-Pei LU, Xu MENG, Ying ZHANG, Yan-Qi LI, Shu WANG, Li-Sheng LIU, Wen WANG, Yu-Ling LI, Yu-Qing ZHANG, Ai-Hua HU, Xian-Liang ZHOU, Li-Hong MA. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure changes in older patients with essential hypertension receiving monotherapy or dual combination antihypertensive drug therapy. J Geriatr Cardiol 2019; 16(4): 354-361. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.04.005
Citation: Pei-Pei LU, Xu MENG, Ying ZHANG, Yan-Qi LI, Shu WANG, Li-Sheng LIU, Wen WANG, Yu-Ling LI, Yu-Qing ZHANG, Ai-Hua HU, Xian-Liang ZHOU, Li-Hong MA. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure changes in older patients with essential hypertension receiving monotherapy or dual combination antihypertensive drug therapy. J Geriatr Cardiol 2019; 16(4): 354-361. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.04.005

Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure changes in older patients with essential hypertension receiving monotherapy or dual combination antihypertensive drug therapy

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.04.005
Funds:

This study was supported by a grant from the Chinese Ministry of Sciences and Technology (2016YFC1300100).

  • Received Date: 2019-03-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-03-01
  • Publish Date: 2019-04-28
  • Objective To evaluate the differences in 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in older patients with hypertension treated with the five major classes of antihypertensive drugs, as monotherapy or dual combination therapy, to improve daytime and nighttime BP control. Methods We enrolled 1920 Chinese community-dwelling outpatients aged ≥ 60 years and compared ambulatory BP values and ambulatory BP control (24-hour BP Results Patients’ mean age was 71 years, and 59.5% of patients were women. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) constituted the most common (60.3% of patients) monotherapy, and renin–angiotensin system (RAS) blockers combined with CCBs was the most common (56.5% of patients) dual combination therapy. Monotherapy with beta-blockers (BB) provided the best daytime BP control. The probabilities of having a nighttime dip pattern and night-time BP control were higher in patients receiving diuretics compared with CCBs (OR = 0.52, P = 0.05 and OR = 0.41, P = 0.007, respectively). Patients receiving RAS/diuretic combination therapy had a higher probability of having controlled nighttime BP compared with those receiving RAS/CCB (OR = 0.45, P = 0.004). Compared with RAS/diuretic therapy, BB/CCB therapy had a higher probability of achieving daytime BP control (OR = 1.27, P = 0.45). Conclusions Antihypertensive monotherapy and dual combination drug therapy provided different ambulatory BP control and nighttime BP dip patterns. BB-based regimens provided lower daytime BP, whereas diuretic-based therapies provided lower nighttime BP, compared with other antihypertensive regimens.
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      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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