ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
David Leibowitz, Irit Stessman-Lande, Hend Sliman, Jeremy M Jacobs, Jochanan Stessman, Dan Gilon. Longitudinal changes in cardiac function in the very elderly: the Jerusalem longitudinal cohort study. J Geriatr Cardiol 2019; 16(11): 800-805. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.11.004
Citation: David Leibowitz, Irit Stessman-Lande, Hend Sliman, Jeremy M Jacobs, Jochanan Stessman, Dan Gilon. Longitudinal changes in cardiac function in the very elderly: the Jerusalem longitudinal cohort study. J Geriatr Cardiol 2019; 16(11): 800-805. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.11.004

Longitudinal changes in cardiac function in the very elderly: the Jerusalem longitudinal cohort study

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.11.004
  • Received Date: 2019-10-06
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-10-06
  • Publish Date: 2019-11-28
  • Background People over the age of 85 are a rapidly growing age group with a high incidence of congestive heart failure (CHF), in particular heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The diagnosis of CHF is challenging and longitudinal data assessing cardiac structure and function are necessary to distinguish physiologic from pathologic cardiac aging. The objective of the study was to determine longitudinal changes in cardiac struture and function from ages 85 to 94 years using home echocardiography. Methods Subjects were recruited from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study. Sixty three members of the initial cohort (32F, 31M) who underwent home echocardiography at age 85 were the subjects of the current study and underwent repeat home 2-D and Doppler echocardiographic assessment at age 94. Results There were no significant longitudinal changes in left ventricular mass index (LVMI), however LV end-diastolic volume significantly decreased from 113.4 ± 30 to 103.6 ± 35.5 mL (P 2 (P P 2, P Conclusions This study demonstrated preserved EF with decreased longitudinal systolic function and diastolic function without significant change in LV mass. Changes in LV function in the very elderly may be independent of changes in LV geometry.
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