ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Xi CHEN, Jia-Mei YAO, Xia FANG, Cui ZHANG, Yu-Shu YANG, Cheng-Ping HU, Qiong CHEN, Guang-Wei ZHONG. Hypoxia promotes pulmonary vascular remodeling via HIF-1α to regulate mitochondrial dynamics. J Geriatr Cardiol 2019; 16(12): 855-871. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.12.003
Citation: Xi CHEN, Jia-Mei YAO, Xia FANG, Cui ZHANG, Yu-Shu YANG, Cheng-Ping HU, Qiong CHEN, Guang-Wei ZHONG. Hypoxia promotes pulmonary vascular remodeling via HIF-1α to regulate mitochondrial dynamics. J Geriatr Cardiol 2019; 16(12): 855-871. doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.12.003

Hypoxia promotes pulmonary vascular remodeling via HIF-1α to regulate mitochondrial dynamics

doi: 10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2019.12.003
Funds:

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81673858, No.81704062, No.30500644), the Science and Technology Project of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Hunan (No. 2009045, No.2012027), and the Program for National Center for Clinical Medicine for Geriatric Diseases (Ministry of Science and Technology).

  • Received Date: 2019-06-05
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-08-25
  • Publish Date: 2019-12-28
  • Background Increasing research suggests that mitochondrial defect plays a major role in pulmonary hypertension (PH) pathogenesis. Mitochondrial dynamics and quality control have a central role in the maintenance of the cell proliferation and apoptosis balance. However, the molecular mechanism underlying of this balance is still unknown. Methods To clarify the biological effects of hypoxic air exposure and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) on pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) and pulmonary arterial hypertension rats, the cells were cultured in a hypoxic chamber under oxygen concentrations. Cell viability, reactive oxygen species level, cell death, mitochondrial morphology, mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial function and mitochondrial biosynthesis, as well as fission-and fusion-related proteins, were measured under hypoxic conditions. In addition, rats were maintained under hypoxic conditions, and the right ventricular systolic pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy index and right ventricular weight/body weight ratio were examined and recorded. Further, we assessed the role of HIF-1α in the development and progression of PH using HIF-1α gene knockdown using small interfering RNA transfection. Mdivi-1 treatment was performed before hypoxia to inhibit dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1). Results We found that HIF-1α expression was increased during hypoxia, which was crucial for hypoxia-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and hypoxia-stimulated PASMCs proliferation and apoptosis. We also found that targeting mitochondrial fission Drp1 by mitochondrial division inhibitor Mdivi-1 was effective in PH model rats. The results showed that mitochondrial dynamics were involved in the pulmonary vascular remodeling under hypoxia in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, HIF-1α also modulated mitochondrial dynamics in pulmonary vascular remodeling under hypoxia through directly regulating the expression of Drp1. Conclusions In conclusion, our data suggests that abnormal mitochondrial dynamics could be a marker for the early diagnosis of PH and monitoring disease progression. Further research is needed to study the signaling pathways that govern mitochondrial fission/fusion in PH.
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      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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