ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Gianluca Rigatelli, Paolo Cardaioli, Fabio dell' Avvocata, Massimo Giordan, Giovanna Lisato, Francesco Mollo. Endovascular management of patients with coronary artery disease and diabetic foot syndrome: A long-term follow-up. J Geriatr Cardiol 2011; 8(2): 78-81. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1263.2011.00078
Citation: Gianluca Rigatelli, Paolo Cardaioli, Fabio dell' Avvocata, Massimo Giordan, Giovanna Lisato, Francesco Mollo. Endovascular management of patients with coronary artery disease and diabetic foot syndrome: A long-term follow-up. J Geriatr Cardiol 2011; 8(2): 78-81. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1263.2011.00078

Endovascular management of patients with coronary artery disease and diabetic foot syndrome: A long-term follow-up

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1263.2011.00078
  • Received Date: 2011-02-21
  • Rev Recd Date: 2011-06-08
  • Publish Date: 2011-06-28
  • Background To investigate the long-term results of global coronary and peripheral interventional treatment of diabetic foot patients. Methods We retrospectively included 220 diabetic patients (78.5 ± 15.8 years, 107 females, all with Fontaine III or IV class) who were referred to our centre for diabetic foot syndrome and severe limb ischemia from January 2006 to December 2010. Patients were evaluated by a team of interventional cardiologists and diabetologists in order to assess presence of concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) and eventual need for coronary revascularization. Stress-echo was performed in all patients before diagnostic peripheral angiography. Patients with indications for coronary angiography were submitted to combined diagnostic angiography and then to eventual staged peripheral and coronary interventions. Doppler ultrasonography and foot transcutaneous oximetry of transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2) before and after the procedure were performed as well as stress-echocardiography and combined cardiologic and diabetic examination at 1 and 6 month and yearly. Results Stress-echocardiography was performed in 94/220 patients and resulted positive in 56 patients who underwent combined coronary and peripheral angiography. In the rest of 126 patients, combined coronary and peripheral angiography was performed directly for concomitant signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease in 35 patients. Coronary revascularization was judged necessary in 85/129 patients and was performed percutaneously after peripheral interventions in 72 patients and surgically in 13 patients. For Diabetic foot interventions the preferred approach was ipsilateral femoral antegrade in 170/220 patients (77.7%) and contralateral cross-over in 40/220 patients (18.8%) and popliteal retrograde + femoral antegrade in 10/220 patients (4.5%). Balloon angioplasty was performed in 252 legs (32 patients had bilateral disease): the procedure was successful in 239/252 legs with an immediate success rate of 94.8% and a significant improvement in TcPO2 and ABI with ulcer healing in 233/252 legs (92.4%). Freedom from major amputation was 82.8% at a mean follow-up of 3.1 ± 1.8 years (range 1 to 5 years) whereas survival was 88%. Conclusions Global coronary and peripheral endovascular management of diabetic foot syndrome patients seems to lead to an high immediate success and limb salvage rates and increasing survival compared to historical series.
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