ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Alexander P. Headley, Yan Li, Yi Zhang, Ji-Yong Ge, Qi-Fang Huang, Ji-Guang Wang. Left ventricular hypertrophy in relation to systolic blood pressure and the angiotensin converting enzyme I/D polymorphism in Chinese. J Geriatr Cardiol 2009; 6(3): 131-136.
Citation: Alexander P. Headley, Yan Li, Yi Zhang, Ji-Yong Ge, Qi-Fang Huang, Ji-Guang Wang. Left ventricular hypertrophy in relation to systolic blood pressure and the angiotensin converting enzyme I/D polymorphism in Chinese. J Geriatr Cardiol 2009; 6(3): 131-136.

Left ventricular hypertrophy in relation to systolic blood pressure and the angiotensin converting enzyme I/D polymorphism in Chinese

  • Publish Date: 2009-09-28
  • Objective There is little population-based data on the prevalence and the environmental or genetic determinants of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in China. The purpose of this paper is to study LVH in relation to systolic blood pressure and the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion(I/D) polymorphism in Chinese. Methods We recorded 12-lead ECG (CardioSoft, v4.2) in 1365 residents in the Jingning County, Zhejiang Province, China. LVH was defined according to the gender-specific Sokolow-Lyon and Cornell product ECG criteria. Results Regardless of whether the Sokolow-Lyon or Cornell product ECG criteria was used, the prevalence of LVH (20.7% and 4.8%, respectively) significantly (P<0.0001) increased with male gender (odds ratio [OR] 2.33 and 7.15) and systolic blood pressure (per 10 mm Hg increase, OR 1.46 and 1.33). If the Sokolow-Lyon criteria was used, the prevalence of LVH was also influenced by alcohol intake (OR 1.44, P=0.03) and body mass index (OR 0.83, P=0.0005). The association between the Sokolow-Lyon voltage amplitude and the ACE I/D polymorphism was dependent on antihypertensive therapy (P=0.01). In 1262 untreated subjects, but not 103 patients on antihypertensive medication, the ACE DD compared with II subjects had significantly higher Sokolow-Lyon voltage amplitudes (29.8±0.6 vs. 28.0±0.5 mV, P=0.02) and higher risk of LVH (OR 1.74, 95% CI: 1.12-2.69, P=0.01). Conclusion LVH is prevalent in Chinese, and is associated with systolic blood pressure and the ACE D allele. The genetic association might be modulated by antihypertensive therapy.
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