ISSN 1671-5411 CN 11-5329/R
Tong Yin, Yu-Sheng Zhao, Shi-Wen Wang, Jin Luo, Ya-Min Ma, Xiao-Long Ji. In situ observation of surface structures of cardiovascular endothelial cells with atomic force microscope. J Geriatr Cardiol 2009; 6(3): 178-181.
Citation: Tong Yin, Yu-Sheng Zhao, Shi-Wen Wang, Jin Luo, Ya-Min Ma, Xiao-Long Ji. In situ observation of surface structures of cardiovascular endothelial cells with atomic force microscope. J Geriatr Cardiol 2009; 6(3): 178-181.

In situ observation of surface structures of cardiovascular endothelial cells with atomic force microscope

  • Publish Date: 2009-06-28
  • Objective To observe the surface structures of cardiovascular endothelial cells in situ with atomic force microscope (AFM). Methods Fresh aorta and aortic valve were dissected from 10 healthy male New Zealand white rabbits. Before fixed in 1% formaldehyde, the fresh tissues were washed in the buffer phosphate solution. Under general microscope, the fixed aorta or valve was spread on the double side stick tape which had already been stuck on the glass slide. The intima of aorta or the aorta side of valve was towards upside. Then the specimen was dried under 37 degrees centigrade in an attemperator and was washed with pure water. After dried again, the specimen was loaded on the platform of NanoScope IIIa AFM and was scanned in tapping mode with the scanning speed of 0.5 HZ. Results The surface structures of endothelial cell on the fixed and dried tissue could be observed clearly in situ with AFM. aortic endothelial cells were large, branched and arranged sparsely and parallel to the direction of blood flow, whereas endothelial cells on aorta valve surface were small, less branched and arranged intensively and vertical to the direction of blood flow. When the scanning range was dwindled, granular ultra-structures could be observed on the surface of endothelial cells, and, as the scanning range was dwindled further, fissure and convolution could be seen on the surface of granules from aortic endothelial cells. Centre cavity and surrounding swelling volcano-like structure could be seen on the surface of granules from endothelial cells of aortic valve. Conclusions It’s feasible to observe the surface ultra-structures of cardiovascular endothelial cells in situ with AFM and morphological information provided by AFM might be of clinical value in future histopathological diagnosis.
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